Inspired by research, the one-minute public service announcements encourage young people to adhere to CDC and other health recommendations
When the coronavirus first hit U.S. shores early this year, there was a limited understanding of how it spread from person-to-person and how to best contain the virus. Research into COVID-19 is ongoing, but scientists have since reached a broad consensus on the efficacy of mask-wearing, hand-washing, and other public health measures designed to minimize the impact the virus has on communities.
Still, public health guidance continues to evolve as the science becomes clearer, and changing guidelines have sown confusion among the public. Misinformation campaigns and conflicting messages on social media have added to social and political rifts, impacting public understanding of best practices and shaping national attitudes and behavior.
A recent survey of more than 1,000 people aged 18-30 conducted by researchers at the NYU School of Global Public Health gleaned some useful insights into how young people are behaving in light of the pandemic. For instance, 54 percent of respondents do not believe that people their age are following the rules recommended to control COVID-19. The perceived low compliance rate is particularly concerning as the perception of one’s peers can disincentivize others from taking necessary precautions. Further, 22 percent of those surveyed say they are depressed due to COVID-19 and 28 percent say they are more anxious.
In an effort to help expand knowledge and change behaviors among Gen Z, several NYU schools collaborated on the COVID-19 Social Media PSA Campaign, which asked students to leverage their creativity and social media savvy to create one-minute public service announcements. Each submission was required to be backed by science and all were vetted by NYU experts to ensure accuracy and alignment with wider public health messaging.
The PSAs could take any form—video, song, dance, game, photo, artwork, poem—and followed a series of messaging prompts that were inspired by the results of the survey. These prompts were designed to encourage behavioral change (such as wearing a mask), shape attitudes (through reinforcing trust in public health officials over friends and family), and remind young people of exactly how the virus spreads.
The result was 19 entries with five selected as winning examples of using science to inform urgent artistic messaging. The films being honored were created by students from NYU’s Tisch School of the Arts, Tandon School of Engineering, and Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development. Beethoven 250 Symphony Series 08: THE HANOVER BAND - BEETHOVEN S Symphony No. 8 in F Major Op.93
The Hanover Band plays Beethoven’s Symphony No. 8 as part of their Beethoven 250 celebrations at Stationer’s Hall.
Beethoven began work on his Eighth Symphony alongside the Seventh in September 1811. He completed both symphonies, as well as the Opus 96 Violin Sonata, in 1812. Beethoven often referred to the Eighth as his ‘Little’ Symphony, which it is, in relation to his grand Seventh symphony in A major.
The Symphony received its first performance at an Akademie Concert on 27 February 1814 at the Redoutensaal of the Imperial Palace, Vienna, where the Terzetto Op 116 ‘Tremate, empi, tremate’, the Battle, and the Seventh Symphonies were also performed. The Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung reviewed the concert: “The greatest interest of the listeners seemed centred on this, the newest production of Beethoven’s muse, and expectation was tense, but this was not sufficiently gratified after the single hearing, and the applause which it received was not accompanied by that enthusiasm which distinguishes a work which gives universal delight; in short – as the Italians say – it did not create a furore. This reviewer is of the opinion that the reason does not lie by any means in weaker or less artistic workmanship (for here, as in all of Beethoven’s works of this class, there breathes that peculiar spirit by which his originality always asserts itself); but partly in the faulty judgement which permitted this symphony to follow that in A major, partly in the surfeit of beauty and excellence which must necessarily be followed by a reaction. If this symphony should be performed alone hereafter, we have no doubt of its success”.
The Eighth Symphony is exceptional among Beethoven’s Symphonies in being almost entirely free from textural problems in the manuscript. In order to settle a few outstanding details, however, the original autograph has nevertheless been consulted.
BEETHOVEN 250 - An online festival of Beethoven’s Symphonic and Chamber Music brought to you by The Hanover Band & Consone Quartet.
Recorded during these unprecedented times at Stationers’ Hall in the City of London and the orchestra’s home in Arundel in West Sussex, during August and September 2020, the series celebrates the Orchestra’s 40th Anniversary year and Beethoven’s 250th Birthday.
Watch a new performance premiered every week, from Wednesday 23rd September to 16th December 2020, on our website or on The Hanover Band's YouTube channel.
Liberalism and conservatism are associated with qualitatively different psychological
Liberalism and conservatism are associated with qualitatively different psychological concerns, notably those linked to morality, shows a new study that explores how political ideology and moral values are connected to motivated social cognition. The findings, which appear in the journal PLOS ONE, offer deeper psychological insights into the nature of political division in the United States.
“Psychological research on the different motives underlying support for liberal versus conservative leaders and agendas, such as those separating Biden and Trump supporters, can help to explain why, for instance, one group is much more focused on promoting equality and social justice than the other,” explains John Jost, a professor of psychology, politics, and data science at New York University and the study’s senior author. The work centered on the concept of “moral foundations” and its connection to political ideology. In this, and similar research, social scientists have sought to determine how important matters such as “whether or not someone conformed to the traditions of society” or “whether or not someone cared for someone weak or vulnerable” are to morality. Previously, some have argued that liberals have an impoverished sense of morality, emphasizing only issues of fairness and harm avoidance, which they see as individualistic, whereas conservatives have a broader “moral palette” that values ingroup loyalty, obedience to authority, and the enforcement of purity sanctions, which they view as “binding foundations.” In the PLOS ONE article, however, the researchers found something important that previous studies have failed to consider. Specifically, the studies by Jost and his colleagues, including Michael Strupp-Levitsky, who conducted the work as an NYU undergraduate and is now a doctoral candidate at Long Island University-Brooklyn, showed that those moral foundations known to be more appealing to liberals than conservatives—specifically, fairness and harm avoidance—are linked to empathic motivation, whereas the moral foundations that are more appealing to conservatives than to liberals —such as ingroup loyalty and deference to authority—are not. In fact, the “binding foundations” cited by previous studies as evidence of a broad “moral palette” are associated with authoritarianism, social dominance, and economic system justification—matters quite apart from morality. Moreover, they are also associated with psychological motives to reduce uncertainty and threat, consistent with a theory of political ideology as motivated social cognition that Jost and other collaborators proposed in 2003.
“All of this may help to explain why the endorsement of ‘binding foundations’ is associated with prejudice, outgroup hostility, and other antisocial outcomes, whereas the endorsement of ‘individualizing foundations’ is negatively associated with prejudice, outgroup hostility, and other antisocial outcomes,” explains Jost.
To explore these matters in the PLOS ONE work, the researchers conducted two studies.
They asked American participants a series of questions that sought to capture different motivations (e.g., “I have an intense fear of death” and “I only think as hard as I have to”), empathies (e.g., “After being with a friend who is sad about something, I usually feel sad”), and moral intuitions (e.g., “Respect for authority is something all children need to learn”) as well as beliefs about system justification (i.e., the legitimacy of the existing social, economic, and political order) and political orientation (e.g., conservative, liberal) on social and economic issues. Here, the researchers sought to illuminate the relationship between political ideology and motivated social cognition.
Their results showed that liberalism and conservatism were indeed associated with qualitatively different psychological concerns, as suggested in previous research.
The motivational basis of conservative preferences for “binding” intuitions has for years been assumed to be independent of needs to reduce uncertainty and threat and to represent a broad, prosocial sense of morality. However, the new findings in PLOS ONE indicate that the endorsement of “binding foundations” is linked to the very same motives associated with many other conservative preferences, including authoritarianism, social dominance, system justification, and underlying psychological needs to reduce uncertainty and threat.
The article’s other authors were Strupp-Levitsky, Sharareh Noorbaloochi, a former NYU postdoc and a data scientist at Goldman Sachs, and Andrew Shipley, a former visiting scholar at NYU and founder of AGS Law.
De Blasio speaks about
There's been a growing concern, which we have reported here about the rise in homelessness and disorder across parts of Manhattan. Especially in Midtown, which has more hotels converted into shelters than any neighborhood in the city due to the coronavirus pandemic.
To jump right into that issue, we've been out there with cameras. We've been out there multiple days. I'm sure you've seen the reports. You know, the, the issue of placing people in hotels. We know that there's a health reason that lies behind it, but there seems to be a concentration and there seems to be a lot of disorder.
What can you tell about the plan to deal with that?
We had homeless New Yorkers in congregate shelters. And look, no one's ever happy about the fact that anyone ends up homeless. I always say there, but for the grace of God go we. So someone who ends up homeless needs a place to live and that's the law and that's the right thing to do. But we used to be able to use shelters where people could be together in a group setting. When the coronavirus really hit in March and April, there was a lot of concern about the health of those homeless folks in those facilities. We decided to move people out into other hotels, other spaces, so we could actually create more distancing. Thankfully Errol, the health situation's improved a lot. And we're in a situation now to start figuring out the pathway back, it won't happen overnight, but we will be able to over time, if we can hold onto this very positive health situation, bring more and more of the homeless back to the shelters. We don't want to be in hotels. In the meantime, we got to do everything between Homeless Services, NYPD, Health Department, Sanitation Department to address concerns in any community where there’s shelters and issues come up and that work will continue.
Some of our reporting was from hotels in the West 30’s, like right around the corner from Midtown South. It seemed pretty clear that the police either at their discretion or on orders from above, were not really getting involved in a lot of trying to police that situation. Are they out of the business of trying to keep order on the streets when it comes to say the homeless?
There's a shifting of priorities and resources to the most urgent problems we're facing. Because clearly the number one concern we have when it comes to public safety is stopping violence. And there are fewer officers because of the budget situation. But no, every department that I mentioned has to be a part of the solution, including the NYPD.
This exhibition goes back over the media construction of our collective visual memory. It allows to follow the path of famous images such as the portrait made by Gilles Caron of Daniel Cohn-Bendit facing a member of the police riot (CRS) and the « Marianne de 68 » by Jean-Pierre Rey; to understand how and why the visual memory of May 68 was conveyed in black and white whereas the events were also covered in color by the press of the time; to discover that on the sidelines of periodicals, exhibitions and photographic screenings were organized and tried to be alternatives to representations disseminated by the major media; or eventually to understand why the first « Nuit des barricades » – that brought to the front page of periodicals the clashes of May 1968 – paradoxically gave place to no recurring image, no icon… This exhibition proposes several clues to understand the major role of media and publishing stakeholders in the construction of the representations of facts.